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Amazon SAA-C03 Exam

Exam Name: AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Associate
Exam Code: SAA-C03
Related Certification(s):
  • Amazon Associate Certifications
  • Amazon AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate Certifications
Certification Provider: Amazon
Number of SAA-C03 practice questions in our database: 684 (updated: May. 10, 2024)
Expected SAA-C03 Exam Topics, as suggested by Amazon :
  • Topic 1: The AWS shared responsibility model/ Access controls and management across multiple accounts
  • Topic 2: Design secure access to AWS resources/ Design Secure Architectures
  • Topic 3: Control ports, protocols, and network traffic on AWS/ Design secure workloads and applications
  • Topic 4: Threat vectors external to AWS/ AWS federated access and identity services
  • Topic 5: Encryption and appropriate key management/ Determine appropriate data security controls
  • Topic 6: How to appropriately use edge accelerators/ AWS managed services with appropriate use cases
  • Topic 7: Storage types with associated characteristics/ Design scalable and loosely coupled architectures
  • Topic 8: Storage types with associated characteristics/ Design High-Performing Architectures
  • Topic 9: Distributed computing concepts supported by AWS global infrastructure and edge services/ Serverless technologies and patterns
  • Topic 10: Database engines with appropriate use cases/ Determine high-performing database solutions
  • Topic 11: Design Resilient Architectures/ Design high-performing and elastic compute solutions
  • Topic 12: Design highly available and/or fault-tolerant architectures/ Determine high-performing and/or scalable network architectures.
  • Topic 13: Determine high-performing data ingestion and transformation solutions/ Determine high-performing and/or scalable storage solutions
  • Topic 14: Design cost-optimized compute solutions/ Design Cost-Optimized Architectures
  • Topic 15: Design cost-optimized database solutions/ Design cost-optimized storage solutions
Disscuss Amazon SAA-C03 Topics, Questions or Ask Anything Related

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Free Amazon SAA-C03 Exam Actual Questions

Note: Premium Questions for SAA-C03 were last updated On May. 10, 2024 (see below)

Question #1

A company wants to use NAT gateways in its AWS environment. The company's Amazon EC2 instances in private subnets must be able to connect to the public internet through the NAT gateways.

Which solution will meet these requirements'?

Reveal Solution Hide Solution
Correct Answer: C

A public NAT gateway enables instances in a private subnet to send outbound traffic to the internet, while preventing the internet from initiating connections with the instances. A public NAT gateway requires an elastic IP address and a route to the internet gateway for the VPC. A private NAT gateway enables instances in a private subnet to connect to other VPCs or on-premises networks through a transit gateway or a virtual private gateway. A private NAT gateway does not require an elastic IP address or an internet gateway. Both private and public NAT gateways map the source private IPv4 address of the instances to the private IPv4 address of the NAT gateway, but in the case of a public NAT gateway, the internet gateway then maps the private IPv4 address of the public NAT gateway to the elastic IP address associated with the NAT gateway. When sending response traffic to the instances, whether it's a public or private NAT gateway, the NAT gateway translates the address back to the original source IP address.

Creating public NAT gateways in the same private subnets as the EC2 instances (option A) is not a valid solution, as the NAT gateways would not have a route to the internet gateway. Creating private NAT gateways in the same private subnets as the EC2 instances (option B) is also not a valid solution, as the instances would not be able to access the internet through the private NAT gateways. Creating private NAT gateways in public subnets in the same VPCs as the EC2 instances (option D) is not a valid solution either, as the internet gateway would drop the traffic from the private NAT gateways.

Therefore, the only valid solution is to create public NAT gateways in public subnets in the same VPCs as the EC2 instances (option C), as this would allow the instances to access the internet through the public NAT gateways and the internet gateway.Reference:

NAT gateways - Amazon Virtual Private Cloud

NAT gateway use cases - Amazon Virtual Private Cloud

Amazon Web Services -- Introduction to NAT Gateways

What is AWS NAT Gateway? - KnowledgeHut


Question #2

Asocial media company has workloads that collect and process data The workloads store the data in on-premises NFS storage The data store cannot scale fast enough to meet the company's expanding business needs The company wants to migrate the current data store to AWS

Which solution will meet these requirements MOST cost-effectively?

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Correct Answer: B

This solution meets the requirements most cost-effectively because it enables the company to migrate its on-premises NFS data store to AWS without changing the existing applications or workflows. AWS Storage Gateway is a hybrid cloud storage service that provides seamless and secure integration between on-premises and AWS storage. Amazon S3 File Gateway is a type of AWS Storage Gateway that provides a file interface to Amazon S3, with local caching for low-latency access. By setting up an Amazon S3 File Gateway, the company can store and retrieve files as objects in Amazon S3 using standard file protocols such as NFS. The company can also use an Amazon S3 Lifecycle policy to automatically transition the data to the appropriate storage class based on the frequency of access and the cost of storage. For example, the company can use S3 Standard for frequently accessed data, S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) or S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (S3 One Zone-IA) for less frequently accessed data, and S3 Glacier or S3 Glacier Deep Archive for long-term archival data.

Option A is not a valid solution because AWS Storage Gateway Volume Gateway is a type of AWS Storage Gateway that provides a block interface to Amazon S3, with local caching for low-latency access. Volume Gateway is not suitable for migrating an NFS data store, as it requires attaching the volumes to EC2 instances or on-premises servers using the iSCSI protocol. Option C is not a valid solution because Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) is a fully managed elastic NFS file system that is designed for workloads that require high availability, scalability, and performance. Amazon EFS Standard-Infrequent Access (Standard-IA) is a storage class within Amazon EFS that is optimized for infrequently accessed files, with a lower price per GB and a higher price per access. Using Amazon EFS Standard-IA for migrating an NFS data store would not be cost-effective, as it would incur higher access charges and require additional configuration to enable lifecycle management. Option D is not a valid solution because Amazon EFS One Zone-Infrequent Access (One Zone-IA) is a storage class within Amazon EFS that is optimized for infrequently accessed files that do not require the availability and durability of Amazon EFS Standard or Standard-IA. Amazon EFS One Zone-IA stores data in a single Availability Zone, which reduces the cost by 47% compared to Amazon EFS Standard-IA, but also increases the risk of data loss in the event of an Availability Zone failure. Using Amazon EFS One Zone-IA for migrating an NFS data store would not be cost-effective, as it would incur higher access charges and require additional configuration to enable lifecycle management. It would also compromise the availability and durability of the data.


AWS Storage Gateway - Amazon Web Services

Amazon S3 File Gateway - AWS Storage Gateway

Object Lifecycle Management - Amazon Simple Storage Service

[AWS Storage Gateway Volume Gateway - AWS Storage Gateway]

[Amazon Elastic File System - Amazon Web Services]

[Using EFS storage classes - Amazon Elastic File System]

Question #3

A company runs a container application on a Kubernetes cluster in the company's data center The application uses Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) to communicate with a message queue The data center cannot scale fast enough to meet the company's expanding business needs The company wants to migrate the workloads to AWS

Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead? \

Reveal Solution Hide Solution
Correct Answer: B

This option is the best solution because it allows the company to migrate the container application to AWS with minimal changes and leverage a managed service to run the Kubernetes cluster and the message queue. By using Amazon EKS, the company can run the container application on a fully managed Kubernetes control plane that is compatible with the existing Kubernetes tools and plugins. Amazon EKS handles the provisioning, scaling, patching, and security of the Kubernetes cluster, reducing the operational overhead and complexity. By using Amazon MQ, the company can use a fully managed message broker service that supports AMQP and other popular messaging protocols. Amazon MQ handles the administration, maintenance, and scaling of the message broker, ensuring high availability, durability, and security of the messages.

A) Migrate the container application to Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) Use Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) to retrieve the messages. This option is not optimal because it requires the company to change the container orchestration platform from Kubernetes to ECS, which can introduce additional complexity and risk. Moreover, it requires the company to change the messaging protocol from AMQP to SQS, which can also affect the application logic and performance. Amazon ECS and Amazon SQS are both fully managed services that simplify the deployment and management of containers and messages, but they may not be compatible with the existing application architecture and requirements.

C) Use highly available Amazon EC2 instances to run the application Use Amazon MQ to retrieve the messages. This option is not ideal because it requires the company to manage the EC2 instances that host the container application. The company would need to provision, configure, scale, patch, and monitor the EC2 instances, which can increase the operational overhead and infrastructure costs. Moreover, the company would need to install and maintain the Kubernetes software on the EC2 instances, which can also add complexity and risk. Amazon MQ is a fully managed message broker service that supports AMQP and other popular messaging protocols, but it cannot compensate for the lack of a managed Kubernetes service.

D) Use AWS Lambda functions to run the application Use Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) to retrieve the messages. This option is not feasible because AWS Lambda does not support running container applications directly. Lambda functions are executed in a sandboxed environment that is isolated from other functions and resources. To run container applications on Lambda, the company would need to use a custom runtime or a wrapper library that emulates the container API, which can introduce additional complexity and overhead. Moreover, Lambda functions have limitations in terms of available CPU, memory, and runtime, which may not suit the application needs. Amazon SQS is a fully managed message queue service that supports asynchronous communication, but it does not support AMQP or other messaging protocols.


1Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service - Amazon Web Services

2Amazon MQ - Amazon Web Services

3Amazon Elastic Container Service - Amazon Web Services

4AWS Lambda FAQs - Amazon Web Services

Question #4

A company website hosted on Amazon EC2 instances processes classified data stored in The application writes data to Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS) volumes The company needs to ensure that all data that is written to the EBS volumes is encrypted at rest.

Which solution will meet this requirement?

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Correct Answer: B

The simplest and most effective way to ensure that all data that is written to the EBS volumes is encrypted at rest is to create the EBS volumes as encrypted volumes. You can do this by selecting the encryption option when you create a new EBS volume, or by copying an existing unencrypted volume to a new encrypted volume. You can also specify the AWS KMS key that you want to use for encryption, or use the default AWS-managed key. When you attach the encrypted EBS volumes to the EC2 instances, the data will be automatically encrypted and decrypted by the EC2 host. This solution does not require any additional IAM roles, tags, or policies.


Amazon EBS encryption

Creating an encrypted EBS volume

Encrypting an unencrypted EBS volume

Question #5

A company wants to analyze and troubleshoot Access Denied errors and Unauthonzed errors that are related to 1AM permissions The company has AWS CloudTrail turned on Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST effort?

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Correct Answer: C

This solution meets the following requirements:

It is the least effort, as it does not require any additional AWS services, custom scripts, or data processing steps. Amazon Athena is a serverless interactive query service that allows you to analyze data in Amazon S3 using standard SQL. You can use Athena to query CloudTrail logs directly from the S3 bucket where they are stored, without any data loading or transformation. You can also use the AWS Management Console, the AWS CLI, or the Athena API to run and manage your queries.

It is effective, as it allows you to filter, aggregate, and join CloudTrail log data using SQL syntax. You can use various SQL functions and operators to specify the criteria for identifying Access Denied and Unauthorized errors, such as the error code, the user identity, the event source, the event name, the event time, and the resource ARN. You can also use subqueries, views, and common table expressions to simplify and optimize your queries.

It is flexible, as it allows you to customize and save your queries for future use. You can also export the query results to other formats, such as CSV or JSON, or integrate them with other AWS services, such as Amazon QuickSight, for further analysis and visualization.


Querying AWS CloudTrail Logs - Amazon Athena

Analyzing Data in S3 using Amazon Athena | AWS Big Data Blog

Troubleshoot IAM permisson access denied or unauthorized errors | AWS re:Post


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